What is Blood pressure?

What is blood pressure?

It is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as the heart pumps blood. When taking your blood pressure, you use a cuff around your arm that gradually tightens. The results are given in two numbers. The first number, called systolic blood pressure, is the pressure caused by your heart contracting and pushing out blood. The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, is the pressure when your heart relaxes and fills with blood.

A reading is given as the systolic number over the diastolic number. Levels are classified based on those two numbers.

Low or hypotension, is systolic blood pressure lower than 90 or diastolic blood pressure lower than 60. If you have low blood pressure, you may feel lightheaded, weak, dizzy, or even faint. It can be caused by not getting enough fluids, blood loss, some medical conditions, or medications, including those prescribed.

  • Normal for most adults is defined as a systolic pressure of less than 120 and a diastolic pressure of less than 80.
  • Elevated is defined as a systolic pressure between 120 and 129 with a diastolic pressure of less than 80.
  • High blood pressure is defined as 130 or higher for the first number, or 80 or higher for the second number.

Learn more above Blood Pressure and First Aid Here

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What is Emergency First Aid? Well it’s exactly that, the first aid to be offered if an incident occurs. Not many of us are confronted with scenes of blood and gore in our everyday lives – so usually first aid could be as simple as sticking a plaster on a small cut.

But what if you did find yourself confronted with a more serious situation. This Emergency aid course will highlight some of the most common situations that you might come across and the actions that you can take to help.

In the most serious situations a first aider’s role will be to assess the scene so that accurate information can be passed to Emergency services and then to act appropriately to try and increase the patients odds of survival.

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What is First Aid?

Barriers, ABCDs and the recovery position

CPR and AEDs




Spinal Injuries


Head Injuries


Managing an Incident & Record Keeping Burns & Scalds

Electric Shock

Eye Injuries

Anaphylaxis and Diabetes

Heart Attack & Stroke

Pass Rate  Required 70%

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What are the principles of first aid?
Principles of First Aid
  • Preserve Life.
  • Prevent Deterioration.
  • Promote Recovery.
  • Taking immediate action.
  • Calming down the situation.
  • Calling for medical assistance.
  • Apply the relevant treatment.

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